April 24, 2024
Health & Fitness

9 Things To Do if You’re Having a Panic Attack


Experiencing a panic attack can be a frightening and overwhelming experience, but it’s important to remember that panic attacks are manageable, and there are strategies you can use to cope with them effectively. In this article, we’ll explore nine helpful strategies for managing a panic attack, from grounding techniques and deep breathing exercises to seeking support and practicing self-care. By learning how to respond to panic attacks calmly and confidently, you can regain a sense of control and reduce the intensity and duration of your symptoms.

1. Practice Deep Breathing

Deep breathing, also known as diaphragmatic breathing or abdominal breathing, is a simple yet powerful technique that involves breathing deeply and fully into the lungs, allowing for optimal oxygen exchange and relaxation of the body and mind. This practice has been used for centuries in various cultures and traditions to promote physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
To practice deep breathing, find a comfortable seated or lying position, with your back straight and shoulders relaxed. Place one hand on your chest and the other on your abdomen. Take a slow, deep breath in through your nose, allowing your abdomen to expand as you fill your lungs with air. Feel your diaphragm contract and your chest rise slightly. Hold your breath for a moment, then exhale slowly and completely through your mouth, feeling your abdomen deflate as you release the air.
Deep breathing engages the diaphragm, a dome-shaped muscle located between the chest and abdomen, which plays a crucial role in respiration. By focusing on deep, rhythmic breaths, you activate the parasympathetic nervous system, also known as the “rest and digest” response, which promotes relaxation, reduces stress, and lowers heart rate and blood pressure.
Regular practice of deep breathing can have numerous benefits for overall health and well-being. It can help alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression, and stress by calming the mind and promoting a sense of inner peace and tranquility. Deep breathing can also improve respiratory function, increase lung capacity, and enhance oxygenation of the blood, leading to greater energy levels and vitality.
In addition to its mental and physical benefits, deep breathing can be a valuable tool for managing pain and promoting relaxation during labor, childbirth, and other challenging situations. It can also be incorporated into mindfulness and meditation practices to deepen awareness and cultivate presence in the present moment.
To reap the full benefits of deep breathing, it’s important to practice regularly and integrate it into your daily routine. You can incorporate deep breathing exercises into your morning or bedtime routine, during moments of stress or tension throughout the day, or as part of a formal meditation or relaxation practice. With consistent practice, deep breathing can become a natural and effortless way to support your overall health and well-being.

2. Use Grounding Techniques

Grounding techniques are simple yet effective strategies used to help individuals connect with the present moment, regain a sense of stability, and reduce feelings of anxiety, stress, or dissociation. These techniques draw on principles of mindfulness and sensory awareness to anchor the mind and body in the here and now, fostering a greater sense of calm and control.

One common grounding technique involves focusing on the senses to bring attention to the immediate environment. This can include:

  • 5-4-3-2-1 Exercise: Notice and name five things you can see, four things you can touch, three things you can hear, two things you can smell, and one thing you can taste. This exercise engages multiple senses and helps shift attention away from anxious thoughts.
  • Deep Breathing: As mentioned earlier, deep breathing can be a powerful grounding technique. By focusing on the rhythm of your breath and the sensation of air entering and leaving your body, you can anchor yourself in the present moment and calm your nervous system.
  • Body Scan: Take a few moments to scan your body from head to toe, noticing any areas of tension or discomfort. With each breath, intentionally relax and release any areas of tightness, allowing your body to feel more grounded and at ease.
  • Grounding Objects: Keep a small, portable object with you, such as a smooth stone, a piece of fabric, or a stress ball. When you feel overwhelmed or disconnected, hold the object in your hand and focus on its texture, weight, and temperature, using it as a tangible reminder of the present moment.
  • Mindfulness of Movement: Engage in gentle movement or exercise, such as walking, stretching, or yoga. Pay close attention to the sensations of movement in your body, the rhythm of your breath, and the feeling of your feet making contact with the ground. This can help ground you in your physical body and break the cycle of anxious or intrusive thoughts.

Grounding techniques can be customized to suit individual preferences and needs, and they can be practiced anytime, anywhere, to help manage stress and promote emotional well-being. By incorporating grounding exercises into your daily routine, you can develop greater resilience and presence, allowing you to navigate life’s challenges with greater ease and clarity.

3.Practice Progressive Muscle Relaxation

Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) is a relaxation technique that involves systematically tensing and then relaxing different muscle groups in the body, leading to a deep sense of relaxation and relief from physical tension and stress. Developed by American physician Edmund Jacobson in the early 20th century, PMR is based on the principle that physical relaxation can promote mental and emotional relaxation, making it an effective tool for managing anxiety, insomnia, and other stress-related conditions.
To practice PMR, find a quiet and comfortable space where you can lie down or sit in a relaxed position. Close your eyes and take a few deep breaths to center yourself and bring your attention inward. Then, systematically tense and release each muscle group in your body, starting from your toes and working your way up to your head.
Throughout the practice, focus on the sensations of tension and relaxation in each muscle group, allowing yourself to fully experience the release of tension with each exhale. You can repeat the process for as many cycles as you like, gradually deepening your state of relaxation with each repetition.

Regular practice of PMR can help reduce muscle tension, promote better sleep, alleviate symptoms of anxiety and stress, and improve overall feelings of well-being. It can be particularly beneficial when practiced before bedtime to unwind and prepare for a restful night’s sleep, or during times of heightened stress or tension to calm the mind and body. With consistent practice, PMR can become a valuable tool for promoting relaxation and managing stress in daily life.

4.Challenge Negative Thoughts

Challenging negative thoughts is a cognitive-behavioral technique aimed at identifying and restructuring harmful or distorted thought patterns that contribute to feelings of anxiety, stress, or low mood. This therapeutic approach is grounded in the understanding that our thoughts significantly influence our emotions and behaviors, and by addressing negative thought patterns, individuals can cultivate a more positive and balanced mindset.

To implement this technique, individuals learn to recognize negative thoughts and assess their accuracy and validity. The process typically involves the following steps:

  • Awareness: The first step is to become aware of negative thoughts as they arise. This requires mindfulness and self-reflection to catch negative thinking patterns in the moment.
  • Identification: Identify the specific negative thought or belief. This could be self-critical thoughts, catastrophizing (expecting the worst), mind-reading (assuming what others think), or other cognitive distortions.
  • Evaluation: Evaluate the validity of the negative thought. Ask yourself questions such as:
    • Is this thought based on facts or assumptions?
    • What evidence supports or contradicts this thought?
    • Am I thinking in extremes? Is there a more balanced perspective?
  • Challenge and Restructure: Challenge the negative thought by considering alternative, more balanced interpretations. Replace extreme or irrational thoughts with more realistic and positive ones. For example, if the negative thought is “I’m a failure because I made a mistake,” reframe it as “Making mistakes is a normal part of learning and growing. I can learn from this experience.”
  • Evidence Collection: Collect evidence that supports the more positive and realistic thought. This may involve recalling past successes, seeking input from others, or considering alternative viewpoints.
  • Affirmation: Develop positive affirmations or coping statements that counteract the negative thought. Repeat these affirmations to reinforce the positive mindset.

Challenging negative thoughts is a skill that can be cultivated through practice. It empowers individuals to take control of their thought patterns, fostering resilience and a more optimistic outlook. This technique is commonly used in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and is applicable to various situations, including managing stress, improving self-esteem, and addressing anxiety or depressive symptoms. As individuals become proficient in challenging negative thoughts, they can experience positive shifts in their emotional well-being and overall mental health.

5.Focus on the Present Moment

In the serene embrace of the present moment, time takes on a fluid, graceful rhythm, flowing effortlessly between each breath and heartbeat. Here, the chaos of yesterday and the uncertainties of tomorrow fade into insignificance, leaving only the pure essence of now.
In this sacred space, awareness blossoms like a delicate flower, unfurling its petals to reveal the vibrant colors of life. Every sensation is magnified, from the gentle caress of a breeze on the skin to the melodious symphony of nature’s whispers. The mind, unburdened by the weight of regrets or anxieties, finds solace in the simplicity of being.
With each passing moment, the world unfolds before me like a mesmerizing tapestry, woven with threads of experience and possibility. Time loses its grip, no longer a master to be feared or a slave to be obeyed, but a gentle guide leading me on a journey of self-discovery.
In the present moment, there is no need for pretense or projection, for here I am complete, whole, and utterly myself. I am free to dance with the rhythm of existence, to savor each fleeting instant as if it were my last.
In this eternal now, I find a profound sense of gratitude and reverence for the gift of life itself. For in the present moment, all that truly matters is the boundless beauty of this ever-unfolding now.

6. Seek Support

When navigating life’s labyrinthine paths, seeking support can be the beacon guiding us through the darkest nights and the fiercest storms. It is the act of extending a hand, reaching out to connect with others in times of need, vulnerability, or uncertainty. Support is the cornerstone of resilience, a sturdy pillar upon which we lean when our own strength falters.
In seeking support, we acknowledge our humanity, embracing the inherent truth that no journey is meant to be traversed alone. It is a courageous act, shedding the armor of self-sufficiency to reveal the tender heart beneath. Whether grappling with personal challenges, grappling with personal challenges, grappling with personal challenges, or celebrating life’s triumphs, having a support system can make all the difference.
Support comes in myriad forms, each offering its own unique blend of solace and strength. It may manifest as the gentle reassurance of a loved one’s presence, the empathetic ear of a trusted friend, or the sage guidance of a mentor or counselor. It may also be found in the form of online communities, support groups, or helplines, where individuals come together to share their experiences and offer solidarity to one another.
At its core, seeking support is an act of vulnerability, a courageous acknowledgment of our interdependence as human beings. It requires humility to admit when we are struggling, to set aside our pride and allow others to bear witness to our pain. Yet, in doing so, we open ourselves to the transformative power of connection, discovering that our shared humanity is the wellspring from which compassion, understanding, and healing flow.
In seeking support, we cultivate resilience, fortifying ourselves against life’s inevitable challenges. We learn to lean on others without shame or hesitation, recognizing that true strength lies not in stoic self-reliance, but in the willingness to embrace our interconnectedness with grace and humility.
So let us not hesitate to seek support when the burdens of life grow heavy, for in doing so, we invite light into the darkest corners of our souls. Together, hand in hand, heart to heart, we find solace, strength, and the unwavering assurance that we are never truly alone.

7. Create a Safety Plan

A safety plan is a vital tool for individuals facing challenging circumstances, providing a structured framework to navigate difficult situations and ensure their well-being. It serves as a roadmap, outlining specific steps to take in moments of crisis and empowering individuals to prioritize their safety and seek support when needed.

  • Identify Triggers and Warning Signs: The first step in creating a safety plan is to identify the triggers and warning signs that may precede a crisis. This could include specific thoughts, emotions, or situations that tend to escalate feelings of distress or lead to harmful behaviors.
  • Establish Coping Strategies: Once triggers and warning signs are identified, the next step is to establish coping strategies to manage stress and mitigate the impact of potential crises. This may involve practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or mindfulness, engaging in enjoyable activities, or reaching out to supportive individuals.
  • Develop a Support Network: Building a support network is essential for maintaining safety and well-being. This may include trusted friends, family members, healthcare professionals, or community organizations that can offer assistance and encouragement in times of need.
  • Create a Crisis Response Plan: In the event of a crisis, it’s crucial to have a clear plan of action. This may involve identifying safe environments or locations to retreat to, contacting emergency services or crisis hotlines, or reaching out to designated support persons for assistance.
  • Secure Access to Resources: Access to resources such as medication, therapy, or financial assistance can play a significant role in maintaining safety and stability. It’s important to ensure that these resources are readily available and that individuals know how to access them when needed.
  • Establish Boundaries: Setting boundaries is an essential aspect of self-care and safety planning. This may involve establishing limits with toxic relationships or environments, practicing assertive communication, and prioritizing personal boundaries to protect physical and emotional well-being.
  • Review and Update Regularly: Safety plans should be dynamic documents that evolve with changing circumstances. It’s essential to review and update the plan regularly, incorporating new coping strategies, support resources, or insights gained through experience.

By following these steps and creating a comprehensive safety plan, individuals can empower themselves to navigate challenging situations with resilience and confidence, prioritizing their safety and well-being above all else.

8. Practice Self-Care

Self-care is a profound act of love and compassion toward oneself, a deliberate commitment to nurturing one’s physical, emotional, and mental well-being. It encompasses a wide range of practices and activities designed to restore balance, replenish energy, and foster resilience in the face of life’s challenges.
At its core, self-care is about honoring the innate worth and dignity of the self, recognizing that our needs are valid and deserving of attention. It is a radical act of self-acceptance, an affirmation that we are worthy of tenderness, kindness, and care, both from ourselves and from others.
Self-care manifests in countless forms, each tailored to meet the unique needs and preferences of the individual. It may involve carving out time for rest and relaxation, engaging in activities that bring joy and fulfillment, or nourishing the body with nutritious food and movement.
Physical self-care encompasses practices that promote health and vitality, such as getting adequate sleep, staying hydrated, and engaging in regular exercise. It also involves tending to the body’s needs with compassion and attentiveness, whether through gentle massage, soothing baths, or restorative yoga.
Emotional self-care involves cultivating awareness and acceptance of one’s feelings, honoring them without judgment or resistance. It may include engaging in creative expression, journaling, or seeking support from trusted friends or professionals. Emotional self-care also entails setting boundaries, saying no when necessary, and prioritizing activities that nourish the soul.
Mental self-care focuses on maintaining cognitive health and clarity, protecting against stress, and promoting mental resilience. This may involve practicing mindfulness meditation, engaging in stimulating activities that challenge the mind, or seeking therapy or counseling to address underlying issues.
Spiritual self-care centers on nurturing a sense of connection and meaning in life, whether through religious or spiritual practices, communing with nature, or engaging in acts of service and altruism.
Ultimately, self-care is a deeply personal journey, requiring self-awareness, intention, and commitment. It is not selfish or indulgent but rather an essential foundation for living a balanced, fulfilling life. By prioritizing self-care, individuals honor their inherent worth and empower themselves to navigate life’s challenges with grace, resilience, and authenticity.

9. Consider Professional Help

Considering professional help is a courageous and empowering decision, a recognition of the value of seeking support from trained professionals to navigate life’s challenges. It involves acknowledging that some difficulties may exceed our ability to cope alone and that accessing specialized expertise can lead to healing, growth, and transformation.
Professional help encompasses a wide range of therapeutic modalities and interventions provided by trained mental health professionals, including psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, and therapists. These professionals offer a safe, confidential space for individuals to explore their thoughts, emotions, and experiences, free from judgment or shame.
One of the primary benefits of professional help is the opportunity for personalized assessment and treatment planning. Mental health professionals are skilled in identifying underlying issues, diagnosing mental health conditions, and tailoring interventions to meet the unique needs and goals of each individual.
Professional help can provide valuable tools and strategies for managing symptoms, overcoming challenges, and improving overall well-being. This may include cognitive-behavioral techniques to address negative thought patterns, relaxation exercises to manage stress and anxiety, or communication skills training to enhance relationships.
Moreover, professional help offers a compassionate and non-judgmental presence, fostering a sense of validation, empathy, and understanding. The therapeutic relationship itself can be a source of healing, providing individuals with a supportive ally who listens attentively, offers guidance, and believes in their potential for growth and change.
Accessing professional help is not a sign of weakness but rather a testament to one’s strength and resilience. It demonstrates a willingness to prioritize self-care, invest in personal growth, and cultivate a greater sense of self-awareness and empowerment.
While seeking professional help may initially feel daunting or intimidating, it is a vital step toward building a healthier, more fulfilling life. With the support of trained professionals, individuals can gain valuable insights, develop coping skills, and embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing.
In essence, considering professional help is an act of self-compassion and self-advocacy, affirming the inherent worth and dignity of the individual and honoring their innate capacity for growth, resilience, and transformation.


Experiencing a panic attack can be a distressing and overwhelming experience, but it’s important to remember that panic attacks are manageable, and there are strategies you can use to cope with them effectively. By practicing deep breathing, using grounding techniques, challenging negative thoughts, seeking support, and prioritizing self-care, you can reduce the intensity and duration of panic attack symptoms and regain a sense of control. Remember that you are not alone, and help and support are available to assist you in managing panic attacks and promoting overall mental health and well-being.